Were you arrested or maliciously prosecuted?






Under N.J.S.A. 2C:13-3, if you knowingly restrain another person in an unlawful manner and doing so interferes substantially with that person’s liberty, you can be convicted of false imprisonment.



First. The first is that plaintiff must prove, by the greater weight of the evidence, that defendant intentionally detained or restrained plaintiff in his/her personal liberty or freedom of movement by arresting him/her. 



Second.The second, assuming you find that defendant did intentionally restrain plaintiff by an arrest, involves defendant's claim that he/she had a right to make the arrest and that, after the arrest, plaintiff was taken before a judge or court clerk to obtain a warrant without any unnecessary delay.



Third. If the defendant imprisoned the plaintiff for an unreasonable time, then even though the original arrest was proper, the unreasonable delay would be false imprisonment.



First.  The plaintiff must establish that the defendant instituted or caused to be instituted a civil suit against him/her and that he/she suffered special grievance thereby.


Second.  The plaintiff must establish that the civil suit terminated favorably to him/her or in a manner not adverse to him/her.


Third.  The plaintiff must establish lack of reasonable or probable cause for the civil suit.


Fourth.  The plaintiff must establish that the defendant was activated by a malicious motive in instituting the civil suit against him/her.


Fifth.  The last element that must be proved is that the plaintiff suffered damage, as I shall later define that term, as a proximate result of a malicious prosecution. 


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Malicious prosecution refers to a wrongful and groundless criminal or civil action brought against the plaintiff. An action for malicious prosecution can be brought against the underlying case's plaintiff, plaintiff's counsel and/or advisors. Liability for malicious prosecution may lie with the prosecutor or an informant, when the proceedings are malicious. However, grand jurors are not liable to an action for a malicious prosecution. The plaintiff must prove malice and want of probable cause, and the prosecution must result in his acquittal or a final judgment in his favor in a civil action.